Among the particularities that distinguished the doge from all the other sovereigns there was also his headdress: in fact, he did not wear the crown but the horn, a kind of cap of Byzantine origin that took different forms in the various eras.
Initially it imitated the cap of the Eastern emperors in the shape of a slightly prolonged cap, then between the 11th and 12th centuries it was divided into two parts by a bow or a round button and finally, in the 13th century, it assumed the shape of the horn, first pointed and then rounded.

Over time it was called in different ways (biretum, corona, horn or zogia) and the fabric with which it was made also varied: it was of shamite fabric in gold and silver, of scarlet cloth, of damask, of crimson velvet, of white tabì, of white silk or other fabrics with ornaments of rare skins, gems, pearls and gold.

During the tour of the square after the election and in minor meetings, the doge wore the common horn, a cap made of the same fabrics as the ceremonial horn and sometimes decorated with fur. Sometimes he would put a leather-lined brocade hood over it, probably to protect himself from the cold.

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It is part of the series: Doges of Venice

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