The Colombara Tower, near Forte Tron, dates back to the first half of the 19th century, is in neo-Gothic style and has a square plan structure with openings on all four sides. It has never been used as a place for breeding birds while it has carried out control functions on the territory as well as a private access portal to the monumental complex behind it.
The architectural structure that can be glimpsed behind the tower is known as Villa Bottenigo or Palazzo Tron and shows a manor house with the central part consisting of a large central hall, presumably built in the 15th century and renovated several times. On the other hand, the extension characterized by large granaries, cellars and a room enriched with paintings attributable to the Veronese school appears to be from the 16th century. In addition to the main building, there are walls to protect the entire complex, arcades and some smaller houses, probably once used for servants. Not far away and near the canal, it is easy to see a pretty 18th century church dedicated to the Madonna del Rosario whose facade, due to a collapse, was rebuilt in 1925.
Also known by the name of spècola, due to the fact that it was an elevated place and therefore suitable for astronomical observations, it was once a communication route with the lagoon, at least before the construction of Porto Marghera: in particular it monitored the ancient via Bottenigo , the Brentella-Lusore canal which connected to the Venetian waters through the lands and sandbanks of Bottenigo.
During Feudalism, the torretta colombara, or colombaia, - intended for breeding doves and characterized by a series of small rooms for nests - represented an important element in medieval rural life, in particular for the fertilization of the land, power and was a reason for ostentation and pride for the little lord towards the vassals of his own rank. Over the centuries, the dovecote tower loses its peculiarity of hosting birds, becoming more and more a symbol of the wealth and power of the family, imposing itself on the city's architecture.
- Breve storia della colombaia — ultima consultazione: 13/12/2019
- Definizione di spècola nella Treccani — ultima consultazione: 13/12/2019
- Definizione di colombaia nella Treccani — ultima consultazione: 13/12/2019
- Colombaia nel Nuovo dizionario universale e ragionato di agricoltura, economia rurale, forestale, civile e domestica, pp. 746-750 — ultima consultazione: 13/12/2019
- Colombaia nel Dizionario universale ossia repertorio ragionato di giurisprudenza e quistioni di diritto, p. 120 — ultima consultazione: 13/12/2019
- Sicurezza e prestigio: le torri "familiari" nel contado pavese, in Motte, torri e caseforti nelle campagne medievali (secoli XII- XV), a cura di R. Comba, F. Panero, G. Pinto, Cherasco, 2007, academia.edu — ultima consultazione: 13/12/2019