Reachable in about 20-30 minutes of navigation from Venice, the Lido island is located between the Venice lagoon and the Adriatic Sea and its length is approximately twelve kilometers for a width ranging from a minimum of 300 to a maximum of 1000 meters.

It is delimited to the north by the San Nicolò canal (or Porto di Lido) and to the south by Alberoni, which also includes Malamocco, the ancient Roman village (Metamauco the name of the past).

In the early days, the island was inhabited mainly by gardeners and fishermen who used the waters of the Brenta as a connection and commercial route to the mainland. In 1043, under the dogado of Domenico Contarini, the Benedictine monks obtained the authorization to erect the church and the annexed monastery dedicated to San Nicolò (whose body was transported from Licia, Turkey, to the Lido at the end of the first crusade), which gradually began to reclaim the land. Of its origins, not much remains now, apart from two Venetian-Byzantine capitals and some patera. Some of the important finds found are now contained in a small museum at the Palazzo del Podestà.

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