The origins and the first settlements

It is assumed that the very first settlements on the island date back to the end of the year 600, when a group of Benedictine monks, driven out of the Franks by their first destroyed monastery of Santo Stefano d'Altino, took refuge in San Servolo and founded a convent there .

In the year 819, the Doges Angelo and Giustiniano Partecipazio granted a group of religious to build the Church of Sant'Ilario, located on the borders of the Venetian Lagoons towards the Paduan territory. In the chronicle of the time, it appears that the church was rebuilt in 929 and in 998 the adjoining monastery hosted an illustrious guest, the Emperor Otto III who, incognito, met with the Doge Pietro Orseolo II.

At the beginning of the twelfth century, Benedictine nuns arrived on the island, fleeing the imminent ruin of the city of Malamocco; then in San Servolo, for a period, there were two Benedictine monasteries: one occupied by the Nuns of the Bishop and Martyr San Basso and the other managed by the Regulars, under the title of Saints Cornelius and Cyprian.

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