Even today it is not known exactly when the church was founded, some believe - also given the dedication to San Martino - dating back to the eighth century by the Lombard colonies or by families of Ferrara who fled their native country. According to tradition, however, it seems that the origins are even more ancient and linked to the sixth and seventh centuries, a historical period in which the Venetian government had not yet been transferred from Malamocco to Rialto. It is also believed that the fate of the church is linked to two noble families, Vallaressa and Saloniga, who were financially committed to its construction.

Despite this, the first official sources date back to the 13th-14th centuries and demonstrate a parish organization consisting of the parish priest and a certain number of religious: three priests, a deacon, a sub-deacon and two or four clerics. Subsequently, the administration of the sacraments was entrusted solely to the parish priest who, starting from 1807, was erected by the Patriarchal Curia of Venice. The church was fortunate, unlike many other temples, to survive despite the Napoleonic decrees of suppression of Venetian places of worship.

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