The Armenian people were only one of the strains of population that settled in Venice: in fact, the Greeks, Turks, Syrians, Jews, Germans, etc. were also added to it. This babel of languages ​​and traditions led to the definition of the lagoon city as "homeland of all nations" due to its extraordinary openness to the world.

The area in which, in the twelfth century, Armenians used to meet, as well as their houses and shops, was San Zulian, where they set up their first trading center called "fontego", by the hand of Marco Ziani, son of the doge Pietro Ziani, with a testamentary bequest of 5 July 1253.

At the end of the 15th century, precisely in 1496 (four years after the discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus), the first small Armenian church dedicated to the Holy Cross of Christ was built, under the concession of the then Pope Leo X. 1682, considering that the small size of the place of worship was insufficient to accommodate all the faithful), the church was enlarged thanks to the donation of Gregorio di Girach di Mirman and was built on a project by the architects Baldassarre Longhena and Giuseppe Sardi; was consecrated on December 29, 1688.

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