The term anconeta, as can be easily understood by the Venetians, refers to the idea of a small sacred icon, initially positioned in the church of San Marcuola and depicting the Blessed Virgin. The veneration of this ancient painting of Madonna del Capitello has always attracted a large group of faithful who considered it miraculous.
It is said that a small group of young people from the Contrada di San Marcuola, after establishing their own brotherhood, came into conflict with the parish priest of the church of San Marcuola, the place where the boys had exhibited an icon of the Madonna. This quarrel led to the departure of the group with the painting of the Virgin in tow and, thanks to the help of the parish, in a short time the icon of the Saint found a place in a small oratory built for the occasion.
The church was called, in fact, dell'Anconetta, a small icon, a term that derives from the Greek eikòn, image. It is said that, towards the middle of the sixteenth century, the pilgrimage of devotees to the sacred effigy was continuous throughout the day to the point that the place of worship remained open even at night, to allow everyone to visit it. The situation obviously did not please the religious of San Marcuola who lost part of the practitioners who preferred to attend the church dedicated to the Saint rather than the one dedicated to Saints Ermagora and Fortunato.
Despite the numerous attempts to discredit, carried out by the priests of San Marcuola against the young people of the Anconetta, the oratory and the brotherhood remained standing and in August 1623, thanks to the bequest of Pasqualino Carlotti, the church was enlarged , with three small marble altars and several paintings.
In February 1652 the Senate of the Republic of Venice submitted the places to the protection of the Signoria, guaranteeing the continuation of the work of devotion, considered worthy and decent for the city of Venice.
In 1740 the religious complex was renovated again thanks to the economic contribution of the widow Laura Sandrin, only to be closed for worship in 1806 due to the Napoleonic decrees to suppress religious institutes.
In 1844 of the Anconetta there was only the external structure without any sacred furniture and reference inside; 11 years later, to facilitate pedestrian transit from the station to Rialto, it was decided to widen the street and the church was razed to the ground, together with the burial of the nearby Rio de San Lunardo, Rio Farsetti, Rio del Cristo and Rio drio de the church.
Today therefore nothing is left of the oratory of the Anconetta, except the painted sacred image of the Madonna who has returned to its origins, in the church of San Marcuola. The bridge of the same name and the toponymy are the only elements that recall the presence of the church, as - the white stone planted in the middle of the road on the place where it is said that the temple once stood - does not correspond to the exact point and also the capital positioned in the Campiello represents only a faded memory of the time now past.