Commedia dell'arte was initially characterised by the absence of a script with characters endowed with personality, organised instead by mostly stereotypical plots and professional actors playing fixed characters, usually masks. Goldoni instead introduced the modern use of a well-defined and structured script, where actors played real characters with their own life, character and personality. Thus, different stories come onto the scene, with new characters such as gondoliers, innkeepers, merchants, salesmen, nobles, fishermen, washerwomen, massère (house servants): these are some of the protagonists of Goldoni's funniest comedies, often in the Venetian language, which were soon translated abroad.

Carlo Goldoni was born in Venice on 25 February 1707, to Giulio, a doctor, and Margherita Salvioni. His inclinations for the theatre manifested at an early age, when he wrote a short comedy at the age of 9, inspired by his passion for reading texts by comic authors.

At 12, he moved to Perugia with his parents and studied with the Jesuits. When his father had to return to Chioggia for work, the family settled in Rimini, where Carlo studied philosophy.

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