The Carpenedo Wood is a luxuriant green lung, which with its tranquility, its silence and its vegetation welcomes everyone with a soothing embrace.
Witness of a bygone era, it is the last portion still intact in the Venetian territory of the lowland forest - that is a lowland forest - which was formed in the post-glacial period, and which is represented by the area defined "Bosco Storico", which in past times covered the Venetian hinterland. A small area of today's more developed wood, of authentic beauty.
The whole of this green area extends up to skirt a part of Forte Carpenedo, in the immediate vicinity. Its toponym, Carpenedo, comes from the prevalence of the white Carpino and which is documented as far back as the 1300s. The current conformation of the wood is made up of 4 distinct areas:
- historic wood, remains of the ancient oak-hornbeam;
- more recent woodland plants built between the beginning and the end of the 1990s;
- stable meadows, legacy of the ancient agricultural activity in the area;
- humid areas present in meadows and ditches.
The quality and rarity of the historic forest environments have earned it protection and classification by the European Union as SIC (Site of Community Interest) and as SPA (Special Protection Areas) for the characteristics of the avifauna present, i.e. all species of birds that live in this particular area, such as the Buzzard, the Nightingale and the Green Woodpecker. But there are also other precious species that enjoy the protection of European regulations, such as the European pond turtle, the Lataste frog, the crested newt, the badger and the weasel.
Among the animals, the species of Italian tree frog, the Nuthatch, the Greater Spotted Woodpecker and the Moscardino are also significant.
From the forest-floristic point of view, although 70% is represented by the Farnia and the White hornbeam, many other noteworthy species live in the wood such as: Opium Maple, Southern Ash, Common Hawthorn, Privet, Common Fusaria, Common Hazel, Pear Wild, Wild Apple, Greater Solomon's Seal, Lesser Periwinkle and White Anemone.
The quality and importance of the forest is highlighted as:
Fragment of a lowland wood with a prevalence of Quercus robur, Carpinus betulus, Acer campestre, Fraxinus ornus and Ulmus minor (Hornbeam-Quercetum roboris, Carpinion illyricum). Isolated ecosystem, very different from the surrounding areas, heavily man-made.
Technically, despite the visual luxuriance that characterizes it, the forest is currently not in good health although the latest thinning interventions carried out at the end of the 90s have brought an improvement. The causes are being investigated by scientists, however the main causes seem to be the isolation of a too small forest, the loss of water supply caused by the lowering of the aquifer below and the mutual suffocation of the trees.
Fortunately, since 2008, the maintenance activity has been operating with targeted and specific actions in order to restore the state of health of the forest to an optimal level.
For this reason and for its present and future protection, the entire wooded area is fenced and can be visited only on holidays in spring and autumn in the manner defined periodically by the Institution, as well as being well delimited by reasoned paths to favor the protection of all the most fragile habitats subject to the care of expert personnel.
Admission, on established days, is free limited to the maximum presence of 80 people. Naturalistic guided tours are carried out, and the possibility of access for study reasons is always guaranteed, subject to authorization by the Institution.